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    Articles

    U5000AT+ Ultrasonic Nebulizer

    The U5000AT+ Ultrasonic Nebulizer offers enhanced detection limits (up to 10x or greater) for ICP-AES and ICP-MS.

    • AutoTune Power Supply
    • Detection Limit improvement up to 10x or greater
    • Efficient Desolvation System
    • Optimized for Use with ICP-AES or ICP-MS
    • Stable Operation
    • Modular Design

    AutoTune Power Supply
    CETAC's AutoTune Power Supply automatically senses changes in sample composition to ensure uniform and consistent aerosol generation. This AutoTune feature permits continuous use of the nebulizer even in the absence of a sample, allowing unattended operation.

    Efficient Desolvation System

    The U5000AT+ features a built-in desolvation system with a Peltier-cooled condenser. Dedicated teperature controllers allow fine adjustment of heater and condenser temperatures for best analytical performance. See schematic at right.

    Detection Limits
    Detection limits obtained with the U5000AT+ on ICP-AES are listed below for both radial and axial ICP torch configurations. Detection limits are improved in a range of 5 to 25 times, depending upon the analyte. The U5000AT+ may also be coupled with an ICP-MS, providing sub-ppt detection limits for many elements, particularly the platinum group elements (PGEs), the rare earth elements (REEs) and the actinides.

    Comparison of Detection Limits (µg/L)
    (Radial Viewing)

     

    Element Wavelength (nm) Pneumatic Nebulizer
    (Cross-Flow)
    U5000AT+
    Ag 328.06 2 0.3
    Al 396.15 9 0.5
    As 193.69 18 2
    Be 313.04 0.3 0.02
    Cd 214.43 2 0.2
    Co 228.61 5 0.3
    Cr 267.71 4 0.2
    Cu 324.75 2 0.3
    Mo 202.03 8 0.3
    Ni 231.60 10 0.4
    Pb 220.35 27 1
    Sb 206.83 12 3
    Se 196.03 20 1.3
    Tl 190.80 22 5
    V 292.40 2 0.2
    Zn 213.85 2 0.2

     

    Instrument used was a Thermo Jarrell Ash ICAP 61.Notes: Detection limits are based on 3 sigma, with a 10-second integration time.

    Comparison of Detection Limits (µg/L) 
    (Axial Viewing)

    Element

    Wavelength (nm)

    Pneumatic Nebulizer
    (GemCone)

    U5000AT+

    Ag 328.068 1 0.03
    Al 396.152 2 0.06
    As 189.042 3 0.7
    Ba 233.527 0.5 0.01
    Be 313.107 0.1 0.009
    Bi 223.061 2 0.2
    Ca 317.933 2 0.03
    Cd 228.802 0.1 0.02
    Co 228.616 0.2 0.02
    Cr 267.716 0.2 0.01
    Cu 324.752 0.6 0.02
    Fe 238.204 0.1 0.02
    Mg 285.213 0.5 0.06
    Mn 257.610 0.1 0.03
    Mo 202.030 0.6 0.3
    Ni 231.604 0.4 0.06
    Pb 220.353 2 0.2
    Sb 206.833 2 0.3
    Se 196.020 3 0.5
    Sn 189.989 1 0.4
    Ti 334.941 0.2 0.006
    Tl 190.856 2 0.5
    V 290.882 2 0.02
    Zn 213.856 0.2 0.03

     

    Notes: Detection limits are based on 3 sigma, with a 20-second integration time.

    Instrument used was a PerkinElmer 4300DV ICP-AES.

    Comparison of Detection Limits (ng/L) 
    (Quadrupole ICP-MS)

    Element Pneumatic Nebulizer
    (Glass Concentric)
    U5000AT+
    Ag 0.2 0.05
    As 2 0.1
    Cd 0.2 0.02
    Dy 0.4 0.03
    La 0.1 0.01
    Li 0.4 0.05
    Na 0.5 0.1
    Nd 0.5 0.07
    Ni 2 0.2
    Se 30 7
    Sn 0.2 0.08
    Th 0.03 0.003
    Ti 5 0.3
    U 0.03 0.003
    V 2 0.01
    Zn 3 1

     

    Notes: Detection limits are based on 3 sigma, with a 9.9-seconds integration time.

    Instrument used was an Agilent 4500 ICP-MS.

    Utilizing the U5000AT+ for Aqueous Samples by ICP-AES

    The CETAC U5000AT+ improves detection limits on any ICP-AES by factors of 5 to 25. This improvement in ICP-AES detection limits allows the transfer of significant amounts of work from Graphite Furnace AA to ICP-AES, where sample throughput is much greater.

    Signal Stability

    Long-term (10-hour) signal stability with the U5000AT+ for 500µg/L Pb spiked into drinking water is shown in the chart at right. Note the average stability is excellent at 0.40% RSD. (Each data point represents the mean of 180 ten-second measurements.) No internal standard was used in the stability experiment.

    Signal Stabilization and Sample Rinse-Out

    Signal stabilization, (Click figure on right), with the U5000AT+ is rapid, with signal reaching its plateau approximately 12 seconds after the sample reaches the ultrasonic transducer. Sample rinse-out is also fast, with the analyte concentrations decreasing to background levels after approximately 25 seconds. Sample and rinse solution (1% HNO3) uptake rate was 2.0 mL/min.

    Modular Design
    The CETAC U5000AT+ is equipped with a modular nebulizer/desolvation system. All wetted parts of the U5000AT+ are within this user removable module. 
    ICP-AES instrumentation allows users to measure elements at high (ppm) and low (ppb) concentrations. A second (optional) nebulizer/desolvation module may be used to alleviate sample memory effects and simplify nebulizer cleanup. Changeover from one module to another takes less than five minutes.

    Specifications

    • Sample Uptake Rate: 0.5 - 2.5 ml/min
    • Nebulizer Gas Flow: 0.5 - 1.5 L/min
    • Desolvation Heating Temp: 120ºC - 160ºC (Factory Setting: 140ºC)
    • Desolvation Cooling Temp: -20ºC to 10ºC (Factory Setting: 3ºC)
    • Power Requirements:
      • 100 - 120VAC, 50-60Hz, 4.5A, 520W
      • 220 - 240VAC, 50-60Hz, 2.5A, 520W
    • Dimensions: 35.6 cm W x 34.9 cm D x 25.4 cm H
    • Weight: 27 lbs (12.3 kg)
    • Shipping Weight (With Cart and Accessories): 84 lbs (38.2 kg)